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lun. 02 juin 2008

Bientôt une loi pour violer légalement vos droits d'auteur aux USA ?

J'ai reçu ce matin un mail incroyable d'Olivier Jobard (Photo World Press 2005), qui transmet un message en provenance de Steve Lehman un photographe américain...

Cop Si j'ai bien compris (je découvre l'histoire que je viens de lire rapidement) : deux projets de loi (S2913 et HR5889) concernant les "œuvres orphelines" seraient en cours d'adoption aux USA. S'ils étaient adoptés, il serait alors nécessaire d'enregistrer nos photos ou œuvres d'art dans une base de donnée gouvernementale, afin qu'elles soient protégées par copyright (ce qui semble impossible pour les petites structures et les indépendants).

A défaut d'enregistrement, ces œuvres seraient considérées comme "ophelines" ( ? ) et rien n'interdirait leur usage commercial par quiconque sur le territoire Américain, sans nécessiter quelque rémunération que ce soit ( ? ) C'est du moins ce que j'ai compris... Voici ce qu'en dit un article du New York Times en date du 20 mai 2008 :

" CONGRESS is considering a major reform of copyright law intended to solve the problem of “orphan works” — those works whose owner cannot be found. This “reform” would be an amazingly onerous and inefficient change, which would unfairly and unnecessarily burden copyright holders with little return to the public. "

Tout ça ressemble à de la science fiction, mais le problème semble sérieux. Non seulement d'un point de vue économique, mais aussi d'un point de vue de la liberté d'enquêter et de travailler pour les photo journalistes qui n'ont pas forcément envie que l'ensemble de leurs travaux soient enregistré dans un système centralisé... MAJ : Un commentaire de Gérald nous en apprend un peu plus :

Pour apporter de l'eau au moulin, malheureusement ce projet de loi n'est pas un Hoax, c'est en fait extrêmement sérieux et le danger pour nous autres "créatifs" ne doit surtout pas être sous estimé. Bon nombre de photographes aux États Unis s'en émeuvent et ajoutent leur nom à la pétition que vous pouvez trouver à cette adresse:

Take action on Orphan Works Bills. Click on this URL to take action now http://capwiz.com/illustratorspartnership/utr/2/?a=11323721&i=87223685&c=

Tous les photographes peuvent signer cette pétition et je vous engage à le faire. La législation française sur le droit d'auteur ne vous sera d'aucune aide si ce « bill » passe en l'état, ce sont vos droits d'auteur à l'international qui sont menacé directement et il y a fort à parier qu'une harmonisation légale suivra pour tous les pays à culture ou influence anglo saxone. Par ailleurs, l'enregistrement des "œuvres" se fera auprès de compagnies privées et sera payant.

Ces banques de données concentreront et référenceront les informations et identifiants de millions d'œuvres créées de part le monde susceptible d'être diffusées sur le territoire américain, donnant du même coup un pouvoir de contrôle sur des œuvres, jusque là inégalé, à une compagnie privée. Cette proposition de loi est la dernière tentative des acteurs majeurs de l'industrie impliquant la gestion et la rémunération des droits d'auteur. De nombreuses attaques contre les modèle plus protecteur ont déjà été portées.

Pour plus d'informations visitez en anglais: Orphan works Opposition Headquarter http://www.owoh.org/indexnew.php The Photo Attorney http://www.photoattorney.com/2008/05/another-ip-attorney-fights-orphan-works.html

En espérant avoir filé un coup de main.

MAJ : Je reçois quelques nouvelles à propos de ce dossier que nous suivrons régulièrement à l'avenir. Andre Cornellier, Copyright Chair, CAPIC National, Canadian Association of Photographers and Illustrators in Communication wrote a good letter explaining the issues to foreign artists and photographers :

http://kendubrowski.blogspot.com/2008/05/capic-joins-opposition-to-orphan-works.html

A ne pas rater, le dossier consacré aux œuvres orphelines, par notre confrère Gerald Holubowicz, un photo journaliste Français basé à New York.

En attendant je vous laisse lire le mail envoyé par Steve Lehman (si une personne courageuse se sent le courage d'en faire une traduction n'hésitez pas)... La question serait urgente et nécessiterait d'après Steve Lehman une réaction rapide. A suivre...

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Urgent / Pressant - New American Law Aims to Steal European Art

"One of the aims of this legislation (Senate Bill 2913 and House Bill 5889) is to undermine international copyright law.  This will open door for American companies to steal the rights to European art and photographs and sell them on the internet.  Before you blink, they’ll be selling famous French art on t-shirts, mugs, key chains, and posters and the French won’t get a dime for it.  If I was European artist or photographer, I'd be calling my head of state in about 3 seconds."

--------Steve Lehman

Founder and Person in Charge WillyNilly™
Author / Co-Publisher of the award winning The Tibetans: A Struggle to Survive™ (Cri de Coer Award, Best Book POY, one all time best selling books in photojournalism)
Co-Author American Hollow
Member of NPPA, PPA (former), Committed Photographer Group

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Dear Friends and Colleagues,

I hope you are well.  I am living in the United States.  I have founded a digital lifestyle company, WillyNilly™ and have been working on several art projects as well. 

I write to you as a friend and colleague concerned about an impending change in American law that will dramatically affect international copyright law.  I am working on a grassroots campaign to have this legislation overturned.  Because of my background in Internet business, art, journalism, and activism, I have a strong understanding of intellectual property law.  This legislation (Orphan Works Bill / Senate Bill # S2913 and House Bill # 5889) will undermine existing protections for artists and open the door for Americans to use and sell European art and photographs without permission or compensation.  I have been following this issue closely and urge you to contact your head of state, embassy in Washington, EU, news organizations, influential people in the art world, artists, photographers and citizens.  This bill has WIDE support in the U. S. Congress; if you do not fight EXTREMELY HARD it will pass and become a law.  You have a very short time to exert a huge amount of pressure on the U.S. government.  It is necessary to make this into an international incident.

Some of the specific issues you should be concerned about are how this bill requires artists and photographers to register photographs in a private database (registry) mandated by U. S. law.  This registry would encumber many small business owners with an enormous amount of needless work that would potentially put many them out of business.  If a photographer or artist forgets to register a photograph or piece of art they would lose their copyright and their work could become part of the public domain. The registery is also a threat to privacy and free speech because it will allow governments, and individuals to track the movements of journalists who make images.  It would also allow governments to monitor the work of artists.  It would be particularly difficult for artists in countries that are not very developed; their work could easily fall into the public domain because they were not aware of these laws.  I firmly believe that there should be no registery because information about my art and journalistic endeavors are private information that I want to control personally.  I also don't want a government, company, institution or individual to have easy access to a list of all my work.

Another very important issue is that this bill encourages copyright infringement because the cost of infringement is low. This bill limits legal remedies and compensation for individuals who have been infringed upon, it also will not cover legal fees in cases of infringement.

These bills (Senate Bill # S2913 and House Bill # 5889) are part of a much larger intellectual property war going on in America.  The large entertainment, computer, media, and internet companies are trying to weaken Intellectual property laws that protect creators of content.  Ultimately, they want to be able to use everything for free and own it forever.
It is very difficult to understand this legislation, I have attached some quotes, a 2-paragraph statement, and NY times Op-Ed piece to help you.  If you need an American intellectual property lawyer please let me know.
Vive le France!
Never Surrender! Never Give Up! No Matter What!

Sincerely,
Steve

PS.  I'm done now, the ball is your hands.  I have to focus on our campaign in America.

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" This legislation (S.2913 and HR 5889) is a threat to the free speech, privacy and intellectual property rights of all people. It needs to be stomped on and crushed. Who are you going believe me or the politicians ? "

" For me this is issue (S2913 and HR5889) is so much about the willingness of our elected officials to cheat ordinary people.  It is about putting the needs of a few over the needs of the entire world. I don't like being cheated so when a politician shows up at my door to try and cheat me. I'm going to fight back."

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The Shawn Bentley Orphan Works Act of 2008 (S.2913) and (H.R 5889) is a very complicated piece of legislation that has enormous implications for all people.  It is our belief this bill is an insidious attempt to undermine existing  International and United States copyright laws that protects photojournalists, multimedia journalists, writers, visuals artists, illustrators, videographers and all people who take pictures, make videos, or create art.  Upon serious examination of this bill and the groups lobbying for its passage, we have concluded that it is a threat to the intellectual property rights, privacy, and free speech of all humans.

We believe it is the unalienable right of the individual visual artist or person to decide how their photographs, illustrations, videos or paintings are used for eternity.  We feel the strong protection of this right helps prevent any one person, company, institution or government from gaining control over the world’s images.  We are against any law that directly or indirectly serves to undermine this unalienable right.

We are against the United States Government forcing artists and journalists to register their art and
photographs in a giant database mandated by this legislation. We believe this is a threat to free speech and  privacy. Such a database would allow any government, corporation, or individual to track the movements of journalists and monitor the work of artists. 

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A MILLION PEOPLE AGAINST THE ORPHAN WORKS BILL

Please join us on facebook and flickr:

http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=18736567652
http://www.flickr.com/groups/donttreadonme/

Please read this NYT Op-ED for more information.  Public opinion is already starting to shift (I disagree with his suggestion of there being a 14 year grace period before having to register.  I feel there should be no registration of any type)

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/20/opinion/20lessig.html?ex=1211947200&en=dcf3c1149318e375&ei=5070<http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/20/opinion/20lessig.html?ex=1211947200&amp;en=dcf3c1149318e375&amp;ei=5070>

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S.2913
Title: A bill to provide a limitation on judicial remedies in copyright infringement cases involving orphan works.

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:SN02913:@@@D&summ1&

H.R.5889
Title: To provide a limitation on judicial remedies in copyright infringement cases involving orphan works.

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:HR05889:

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